One of the hottest craze in Aesthetic Medicine nowadays is Botox treatment for wrinkles. Some are getting Botox shots to treat moderate to severe frown lines on face, while others are having them to banish unsightly neckbands. At the same time, there are many cautioning people about the health hazards of getting Botox injected into their bodies.
All these controversies leave people wandering what exactly is Botox? Botox is the brand name for Botulinum toxin Type A, a naturally occurring toxic protein responsible for causing muscle paralysis called Botulism, many people often wonder “why would someone want to inject a toxin into his skin? This question does make sense, but when highly diluted form of botulinum toxin is injected in human body in approved doses, it helps treat a number of cosmetic and non-cosmetic conditions.
One most common cosmetic benefit of Botox is eliminating wrinkles and creases that gradually appear on your face due to frequent muscle movements over time. Botox is mostly injected into the area around the outer corners of the eyes to clear away irksome crow’s feet.Some other areas of the face that often get Botox shots include frown area between the brows, fine lines under eyes and the laugh lines around lips. Botox is also used enhance the size and shape of lips, a cosmetic procedure called Botox lips.
Non cosmetic conditions that are treated with Botulinum toxin include Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), chronic migraines, cervical dystonia, overactive bladder and several spastic eye muscle disorders, including Blepharospasm and Strabismus.
When used to treat facial wrinkles, Botox works by temporarily paralyzing the muscles responsible for wrinkle formation. This prevents the muscle from contracting, thereby fading out the expression lines and wrinkles on your face.
Similarly, when used to treat neurological disorders, such as chronic migraines, excessive sweating or cervical dystonia, Botulinum toxin sticks itself to the nerve endings, preventing transmission of chemical signals responsible for the problem. For example, excessive sweating is caused by overactive sweat glands. When Botox is injected in the area that sweats heavily, be it underarms, palms of hands or soles of feet, the toxin clings itself to the nerve endings stopping transmission of nerve impulses that tell the sweat glands to perspire. When the glands do not receive chemical signals, they automatically stop producing sweat.
Similarly, when used for pain management, this FDA approved neurotoxin temporarily stops transmission of pain signals, as well as spasm-causing nerve impulses, offering significant relief to the patient.
The only downside of Botox is that its effects are not permanent. Effects of treatment start fading in few months and the person has to get a reinjection before the effects of previous dose are fully gone. Anti-aging effects of Botox last for 3 to 4 months while effects of Botox for Hyperhidrosis last for six to eight months. But this may vary from one person to another depending on the severity of the problem and the technique used.
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